The Messianic Kingdom Prophesied (Isaiah 2:1-4; 32:1-8)

Isaiah A Study of Selected Texts

The Messianic Kingdom Prophesied (Isaiah 2:1-4; 32:1-8)

  • 2:1-4 – “One of the most important passages in the Word of God” (Coffman)
    • Almost word-for-word the same as Micah 4:1-3
    • “Latter days” = the Christian age (Daniel 2:28,44; Joel 2:28; Acts 2:16-17; 1 Peter 1:20; Hebrews 1:2)
    • “The mountain of the Lord’s house” = the church/ the kingdom of Christ (1 Timothy 3:15; John 18:36)
    • “All nations” (Matthew 3:8-9; Acts 2:39; Acts 10)
    • “Beat swords into plowshares” – characteristic of the church, not the kingdoms of the world
  • 32:1-4 – The Righteous King
    • Who is the king? Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:20)? Josiah (2 Chronicles 35:26)? Messiah?
    • Princes = the royal priesthood (1 Peter 2:9; Hebrews 2:11; Romans 5:17; Revelation 5:10)
    • The truth will not be hidden from those who seek it
  • 32:5-8 – Foolish/evil vs. generous/noble
    • In the world, deception is used to gain power
    • Once in power, evil men continue to do evil things
    • The people of Isaiah’s day were deceived (Isaiah 5:20-21)
    • The foolish and wicked person does foolish and wicked things; the generous and noble person likewise does generous and noble things

Discussion Questions

1. What is “the latter days”/“the last days”?

2. Explain Isaiah 2:4 and the idea of transforming “swords into plowshares” and “spears into pruning hooks.”

3. Who do some people say the “king” of Isaiah 32 is? To whom do you believe Isaiah is referring?

4. What does Isaiah 32:3-4 mean?

5. How is a foolish person known? How is a generous person known?

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