The Prophecy of the Coming Messiah (Isaiah 7:14-16; 9:1-7; 11:1-10)

Isaiah A Study of Selected Texts

The Prophecy of the Coming Messiah (Isaiah 7:14-16; 9:1-7; 11:1-10)

  • 7:14-16 – Prophecy of the virgin birth
    • Opposition from Rezin (Syria) and Pekah (Israel)
    • Fulfillment in Christ (Matthew 1:22-23)
  • 9:1-3 – Light in darkness
    • Prophecy of doom (Isaiah 8) vs. promise of joy (Isaiah 9)
    • Fulfillment in Christ (Matthew 4:12-17)
    • Jesus was the light (John 8:12; 1:9; 1:4; Malachi 4:2)
  • 9:4-7 – The basis of joy
    • Wonderful, Counselor (Col. 2:3; Isaiah 28:29), Mighty God (John 1:1; Isaiah 10:21), Everlasting Father (John 8:58; Colossians 1:17; Hebrews 12:2), Prince of Peace (Romans 5:1; Hebrews 12:14; Philippians 4:7)
    • Reign of the Messiah will be forever (Zechariah 9:10)
  • 11:1-5 – The character of Christ
    • Fulfillment in Christ (Romans 15:12)
    • Wisdom and understanding (intellectual faculties)
    • Counsel and might (practical qualities)
    • Knowledge and fear of Jehovah (moral life)
  • 11:6-9 – The character of His subjects
    • Representative of how citizens of Christ’s kingdom should relate to each other
  • 11:10 – The extent of His kingdom
    • Gentiles included in the promise
    • No more separation of Jew and Gentile (Ephesians 2:11-22; Zechariah 9:9-10; Galatians 3:28)

Discussion Questions

1. Do you believe Isaiah 7:14 to be a “dual fulfillment” prophecy? Why or why not?

2. Which of the descriptive names of Isaiah 9:6 is your favorite?

3. Who was Jesse?

4. What is represented in Isaiah 11:6-8?

5. Who is eligible to be a part of Christ’s kingdom?

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