Isaiah’s Parable of the Vineyard (Isaiah 5:1-12)

Isaiah A Study of Selected Texts

Isaiah’s Parable of the Vineyard (Isaiah 5:1-12)

  • 5:1-2 – The vineyard as a symbol of Israel (Psalm 80; Jeremiah 12:10; Mark 12:1-10)
    • Isaiah adapts his delivery but not the message
    • “My Well-beloved” = God
    • “The choicest vine” = Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
    • “Wild grapes” are toxic/poisonous
  • 5:3-6 – A song of lament
    • Similar in method to Nathan (2 Samuel 12:1-15) and Jesus (Matthew 21:33-43; Mark 12:1-9)
    • Limits of God’s power: He will not violate man’s free will (Matthew 23:37; 2 Peter 3:9)
  • 5:7 – The meaning of the parable
    • Paronomasia (pun in which the words sound similar but have different meanings)
    • Justice (mishpat) vs. oppression/bloodshed (mispah)
    • Righteousness (sedakah) vs. a cry (seakah)
  • 5:8-10 – The first woe
    • Against land-grabbing (Micah 2:2; Jeremiah 22:13-17; Habakkuk 2:9-12)
    • Drastically reduced harvest (Leviticus 26:20; Deuteronomy 26:15,18; Haggai 1:5-6)
  • 5:11-12 – The second woe
    • Against drunken revelry (1 Peter 4:1-4; Ephesians 5:18; Romans 13:13; Galatians 5:19-21)
    • God was not a priority (Amos 6:1-7; Matthew 6:33; Colossians 3:1-2)

Discussion Questions

1. What had God done to ensure the success of the vineyard?

2. How did God respond to the vineyard’s failure?

3. What is wrong with acquiring houses and fields?

4. What are some popular songs that Christians should avoid because of content?

5. Jesus warned against a preoccupation with the “riches and pleasures of life” (Luke 8:14); what is the result of such according to Christ?

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s